Where science deals with homogeneous elements, with wholes and the parts that fit harmoniously into them, the heterogeneous is in its very nature profoundly unsystematic. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Nietzsche’s attempts to conflate the domains of value and the body — in the opening sections of Human, All-Too-Human (1878) or in the first part of Beyond Good and Evil (1886) — and thereby question the metaphysical opposition between conceptual thought and materiality are also mirrored in Bataille’s work. Most especially, Bataille’s intellectual development, marked as it is by a preliminary adherence to Marxism and a subsequent turn to Nietzsche, prefigures a general trend within French intellectual thought of the post-war era.
[vi] Michel Foucault, “A Preface to Transgression,” in Michel Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews, ed. According to Bataille’s personal journals during the war, Nietzsche was a lifeline. He edited one of my key texts ever, a late 12th or early 13th century poem L’ordène de chevalerie, in which a prisoner of war, Hue de Tabarie (or Hugh of the Tiberiad) is reeducated by none other than Saladin, the one who recovered Jerusalem from the Leper King, Baldwin IVth.”.
They were, in Hollier’s words, “mad—mad for society… The King had his jester. But the intellectual desire to appropriate produces its specific kind of own waste products. 9 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe in 15 Einzelbänden, ed. The date of publication is January 1937. Donald F. Bouchard, 1977, p. 49. His commitment to surrealism also lessened, not least because of his dispute with leading French surrealist Andre Breton. The volume could be retitled, in light of the untimely meditation, “The Uses and Abuses of Nietzsche.”, But of course Bataille and his collective did more than just take Nietzsche back from the hands of the fascists, they also produced a certain Nietzsche, one they hoped that would be more resistant to future appropriation and misappropriation. In these wartime journals, Bataille presents his relationship with Nietzsche as an impossible one. The heterogeneity of the body, it follows, is marked by resistance. But even for Bataille, who claims at times to be the only one who may not have completely misunderstood Nietzsche, even Bataille ends up in a state of disarray—of désarroi. and trans. A struggle. Bataille and Nietzsche, Bataille on Nietzsche (as well as Blanchot and Klossowski) taught Foucault a way to do philosophy as experimentation on the self, as limit experience, as ways to tear oneself from oneself in order to become someone new and produce new work: “L’idée d’une expérience limite, qui arrache le sujet à lui-même, voilà ce qui a été important pour moi dans la lecture de Nietzsche, de Bataille, de Blanchot, et qui a fait que, aussi ennuyeux, aussi érudits que soient mes livres, je les ai toujours conçus comme des expériences directes visant à m’arracher à moi-même, à m’empêcher d’être le même.” (DE, tome IV, 43). by Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari (München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Georges Bataille‘s (1897-1962) work is antisystematic and hence defies summary, but a number of important themes predominate within it. Criticism. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Series: Theory, culture & society (Unnumbered) Subjects: Philosophy.
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Georges Bataille‘s (1897-1962) work is antisystematic and hence defies summary, but a number of important themes predominate within it.
Well, they were the jesters of a society without a King.”[i] They would come to resemble a fraternal order or, in Hollier’s words, “les chevaliers de l’Ordre des Sociologues” (the Knights of the Order of Sociologists). (SN, 13; ON, xxi) “I attempted to draw from myself the consequences of a lucid doctrine, one that attracted me as light does; but I only reaped anguish and the impression of most often succumbing.” (SN 13; ON, xxi). All rights reserved. You could not be signed in. For example, in the modern era, which is dominated by the capitalist mode of production and hence by the values of prudence and usefulness, the body serves as a reminder of the limitations of the notion of exchange-value. Theirs was a collective that privileged the social, especially fraternal relations—these were men’s men—over the individualist focus of the Surrealists, as Denis Hollier explains well in his preface to the collected texts of the Collège de Sociologie.
Georges Bataille’s On Nietzsche (1937-1945) with Denis Hollier, Rosalind Morris, and Anthony Vidler.
That the sacred is crucial to Bataille's theoretical-aesthetic project goes without saying. What this implies for Bataille is that, however systematically one would like to conceptualise life, the imposition of a limit that this desire necessitates will always be overcome. The lead article—“Nietzsche et les Fascistes”—is a violent diatribe against Elisabeth Föerster-Nietzsche, somewhat curiously renamed “Elisabeth Judas-Föerster,” as well as thinkers who, according to Bataille, had distorted and abused Nietzsche’s words—including Georg Lukacs on the left, but mostly Alfred Rosenberg, Alfred Baeumler, and other contemporary fascist thinkers who had misappropriated Nietzsche’s work, pilfered quotations out of context, betrayed his thought. Theory and History of Literature, Volume 14. plant life, the play of chance, organic functions) and the realm of rational, abstract thought. Humans conceive of their world as being composed of homogeneous unities in order to facilitate appropriation (science, for instance, thinks in related concepts, in terms of parts and their role within the whole). These themes include an obsessive concern with the erotic, myth, sacrifice, the nature of excess, profanity, heterogeneity and social transgression. Other Authors: Richardson, Michael, 1953-Format: Book: Language: English French: Published: London ; Thousand Oaks : Sage, 1998.
Nor can it be incorporated within the logic of the Hegelian dialectic, which seeks to recuperate all resistances by accommodating them within the dialectical unfolding of Reason. Lecturer in English PSC Solved Question Paper, Key Theories of Jean Baudrillard – Literary Theory and Criticism Notes, Key Theories of Jürgen Habermas – Literary Theory and Criticism Notes, Cleanth Brooks' Concept of Language of Paradox, IA Richards' Concept of Four Kinds of Meaning, IA Richards' Concept of the Two Uses of Language, Analysis of T.S. Aphoristic in nature, like Nietzsche’s writings, Bataille’s writings on Nietzsche would read like a deep personal quest, practically a life-or-death struggle, and a constant limit experience to get beyond good and evil. “D’un côté la vie s’enchaîne et se stabilise dans une servitude sans fin, de l’autre souffle non seulement l’air libre mais un vent de bourrasque; d’un côté le charme de la culture humaine est brisé pour laisser la place à la force vulgaire, de l’autre la force et la violence sont vouées tragiquement à ce charme.”. However ‘spiritual’ and rational some aspects of human existence may appear to be, they are underwritten by a material or bodily component that is capable of overrunning them. (SN, 15; ON, xxiv) He would include it later in what he would call his Somme athéologique, a play on words on Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologica, which is, as Jesús Velasco reminds us, essential to understanding the work’s political theology.
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